Pediatrics is the specialty of medical science that deals with children’s physical, emotional, and social health from birth to young adulthood. It incorporates a comprehensive range of health services, from preventive health care to diagnosing and treating acute and chronic diseases in children. Pediatricians understand the many elements that affect the growth and development of children.
Adolescent medicine specializes in the care of children who are in the adolescent period of their development. This may include adolescent primary care, reproductive and sexual health, disorders of puberty, eating disorders, care of adolescents with chronic illness, substance abuse, school health, juvenile justice, sports medicine, global health, and transition care.
Pediatric cardiology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that specializes in the care of young children with congenital or acquired cardiovascular abnormalities. Some of the conditions treated by pediatric cardiologists include congenital heart defects, heart muscle disorders, rhythm disturbances, hypertension, and other systemic disorders affecting the cardiovascular system.
Developmental-behavioral pediatrics is a pediatric subspecialty specializing in children’s physical, emotional, behavioral, and social development. Developmental pediatricians treat and manage infants, children, and adolescents with a wide range of developmental and behavioral concerns and conditions, such as learning disabilities, Autism spectrum disorders, and developmental delays
Pediatric Endocrinologists treat children living with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, growth and/or pubertal abnormalities, obesity, disorders of sex development, bone and mineral disturbances, hypoglycemia, and other disorders relating to the adrenal, parathyroid, thyroid, and pituitary glands.
A pediatric gastroenterologist specializes in treating diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and pancreas in children from infancy through the teen years. This field covers the entire gastrointestinal tract, including the hepatobiliary-pancreatic systems and nutritional disorders.
Pediatric hematology oncology specializes in diagnosing and management of various cancers in children. This sub-specialty also is involved in managing conditions of the various cell lines of the blood such as anemias, including sickle cell disease, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, aplastic anemia, and other bone marrow failure syndromes. Pediatric hematologists also offer expert consultation and management of bleeding and clotting disorders including von Willebrand disease, hemophilia, thrombosis, and stroke.
Pediatric infectious disease specialists treat a wide range of infections such as those caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and provide consultation to health care professionals dealing with complex cases.
Pediatric Neonatalogists specializes in the care of premature and critically ill patients with complex congenital conditions that require medical or surgical intervention.
Pediatric nephrology specializes in the management of all disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract that may affect infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatric nephrology is involved in taking care of children with a wide range of disorders such as Hematuria (blood in urine), Proteinuria (protein in urine), Hypertension, Hydronephrosis, and other congenital renal disorders, including prenatal consultations, Voiding disorders (problems with normal urination) Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) and Nephrocalcinosis (calcium deposits in the kidneys) to name a few.
Pediatric rheumatologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of all rheumatic and inflammatory conditions of infants, children, and adolescents, including arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, musculoskeletal pain problems of childhood, dermatomyositis, Fibromyalgia, Vasculitis, and Lyme disease.
Pediatric pulmonologists provide diagnostic and management services for a wide variety of pulmonary conditions including asthma, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cystic fibrosis, Unusual respiratory infections, Congenital lung malformations, and Interstitial lung disease, and sleep-related breathing problems.
Pediatric Sleep Medicine
A Sleep trained pulmonologist provides evaluation and treatment for children with disorders of sleep, such as Sleep apnea, both central and obstructive, Insomnia, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Parasomnias, disorders such as narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia